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HEBREW WORD STUDIES
כָּפַר 'kaphar' meaning 'to atone' Strong's 3722

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Introduction 1.1

This is a thorough Hebrew word study about the meaning of the Hebrew word כָּפַר, 'kaphar' translated 'atone' strong's 3722, and gives every verse where the Hebrew word 'kaphar' appears. To obtain a true understanding of this word these scriptures need to be meditated on and notes made of their meaning in different contexts. This requires putting scriptures together where they seem to have a similar meaning, and then meditating even more. The truth will be revealed by the Holy Spirit, who has been given to guide us into all truth (John 16:13). Wherever this word kaphar appears in the Hebrew, the translation of it is highlighted with yellow. 'kaphar' is a verb, and in Hebrew the verbs have different forms, so the meaning of the different forms has been included in highlighted text. Every blessing be to those who seek the truth of God's word.

#1.1 Scriptures for כָּפַר 'kaphar' meaning 'to atone' Strong's 3722

KAL – Perfect

Genesis 6:14 Make for yourself an ark of gopher wood; make rooms in the ark and cover it inside and outside with pitch.

PIEL – Perfect

Exodus 30:10 And Aaron shall make atonement upon the horns of it once in a year with the blood of the sin offering of atonements: once in the year he shall make atonement upon it throughout your generations: it is most holy to Yahweh.

Leviticus 4:20 And he shall do with the bullock as he did with the bullock for a sin offering, so shall he do with this: and the priest shall make atonement for them, and it shall be forgiven them.
4:26 And he shall burn all his fat upon the altar, as the fat of the sacrifice of peace offerings: and the priest shall make atonement for him as concerning his sin, and it shall be forgiven him.
4:31 And he shall take away all its fat, as the fat is taken away from off the sacrifice of peace offerings; and the priest shall burn it upon the altar for a sweet savour to Yahweh; and the priest shall make atonement for him, and it shall be forgiven him.
4:35 And he shall take away all its fat, as the fat of the lamb is taken away from the sacrifice of the peace offerings; and the priest shall burn them upon the altar, according to the offerings made by fire to Yahweh: and the priest shall make atonement for his sin that he has committed, and it shall be forgiven him.
5:6 And he shall bring his trespass offering to Yahweh for his sin which he has sinned, a female from the flock, a lamb or a kid of the goats, for a sin offering; and the priest shall make atonement for him concerning his sin.
5:10 And he shall offer the second for a burnt offering, according to the manner: and the priest shall make atonement for him for his sin which he has sinned, and it shall be forgiven him.
5:13 And the priest shall make atonement for him concerning his sin that he has sinned in one of these, and it shall be forgiven him: and the remainder shall be the priest's, as a meat offering.
5:18 And he shall bring a ram without blemish out of the flock, with your estimation, for a trespass offering, to the priest: and the priest shall make atonement for him concerning his ignorance in which he erred and did not know it, and it shall be forgiven him.
6:7 And the priest shall make atonement for him before Yahweh: and it shall be forgiven him for any thing of all that he has done in trespassing in it.
12:7 Who shall offer it before Yahweh, and make atonement for her; and she shall be cleansed from the issue of her blood. This is the law for her that has born a male or a female.
12:8 And if she is not able to bring a lamb, then she shall bring two turtles, or two young pigeons; the one for the burnt offering, and the other for a sin offering: and the priest shall make atonement for her, and she shall be clean.
14:18 And the remnant of the oil that is in the priest's hand he shall pour upon the head of him who is to be cleansed: and the priest shall make atonement for him before Yahweh.
14:19 And the priest shall offer the sin offering, and make atonement for him who is to be cleansed from his uncleanness; and afterward he shall kill the burnt offering:
14:20 And the priest shall offer the burnt offering and the meat offering upon the altar: and the priest shall make atonement for him, and he shall be clean.
14:31 Even such as he is able to get, the one for a sin offering, and the other for a burnt offering, with the grain offering: and the priest shall make atonement for him who is to be cleansed before Yahweh.
14:53 But he shall let go the living bird out of the city into the open fields, and make atonement for the house: and it shall be clean.
15:15 And the priest shall offer them, the one for a sin offering, and the other for a burnt offering; and the priest shall make atonement for him before Yahweh for his issue.
15:30 And the priest shall offer the one for a sin offering, and the other for a burnt offering; and the priest shall make atonement for her before Yahweh for the issue of her uncleanness.
16:6 And Aaron shall offer his bullock of the sin offering, which is for himself, and make atonement for himself, and for his house.
16:16 And he shall make atonement for the holy place, because of the uncleanness of the children of Israel, and because of their transgressions in all their sins: and so shall he do for the tabernacle of the congregation, that remains among them in the midst of their uncleanness.
16:17 And there shall be no man in the tabernacle of the congregation when he goes in to make atonement in the holy place, until he comes out, and has made atonement for himself, and for his household, and for all the congregation of Israel.
16:18 And he shall go out to the altar that is before Yahweh, and make atonement for it; and shall take of the blood of the bullock, and of the blood of the goat, and put it upon the horns of the altar round about.
16:24 And he shall wash his flesh with water in the holy place, and put on his garments, and come forth, and offer his burnt offering, and the burnt offering of the people, and make atonement for himself, and for the people.
16:32 And the priest, whom he shall anoint, and whom he shall consecrate to minister in the priest's office in his father's place, shall make the atonement, and shall put on the linen clothes, even the holy garments:
16:33 And he shall make atonement for the holy sanctuary, and he shall make atonement for the tabernacle of the congregation, and for the altar, and he shall make atonement for the priests, and for all the people of the congregation.

Numbers 6:11 And the priest shall offer the one for a sin offering, and the other for a burnt offering, and make atonement for him, for that he sinned by the dead, and shall hallow his head that same day.
15:25 And the priest shall make atonement for all the congregation of the children of Israel, and it shall be forgiven them; for it is ignorance: and they shall bring their offering, a sacrifice made by fire to Yahweh, and their sin offering before Yahweh, for their ignorance:
15:28 And the priest shall make atonement for the soul that sins ignorantly, when he sins by ignorance before Yahweh, to make atonement for him; and it shall be forgiven him.

Deuteronomy 32:43 Rejoice, O you nations, with his people: for he will avenge the blood of his servants, and will render vengeance to his adversaries, and will be merciful to his land, and to his people.

Ezekiel 43:20 And you shall take of its blood, and put it on the four horns of it, and on the four corners of the settle, and upon the border all around: thus you shall cleanse and make atonement for it.
45:20 And so you shall do the seventh day of the month for every one who errs, and for him who is simple: so you shall make atonement for the house.

PIEL infinitive

Exodus 29:36 And you shall offer every day a bullock for a sin offering for atonement: and you shall cleanse the altar, to make atonement for it, and you shall anoint it, to sanctify it.
30:15 The rich shall not give more, and the poor shall not give less than half a shekel, when they give an offering to Yahweh, to make atonement for your souls.

Leviticus 1:4 And he shall put his hand upon the head of the burnt offering; and it shall be accepted for him to make atonement for him.
6:30 And no sin offering, of which any of the blood is brought into the tabernacle of the congregation to make atonement with in the holy place, shall be eaten: it shall be burnt in the fire.
8:15 And he slew it: and Moses took the blood, and put it upon the horns of the altar all around with his finger, and purified the altar, and poured the blood at the bottom of the altar, and sanctified it, to make atonement on it.
8:34 As he has done this day, so Yahweh has commanded to do, to make atonement for you.
10:17 Why have you not eaten the sin offering in the holy place, seeing it is most holy, and God has given it you to bear the iniquity of the congregation, to make atonement for them before Yahweh?
14:21 And if he is poor, and cannot get so much; then he shall take one lamb for a trespass offering to be waved, to make atonement for him, and one tenth deal of fine flour mingled with oil for a grain offering, and a log of oil;
14:29 And the rest of the oil that is in the priest's hand he shall put upon the head of him who is to be cleansed, to make atonement for him before Yahweh.
16:10 But the goat, on which the lot fell to be the scapegoat, shall be presented alive before Yahweh, to make atonement with him, and to let him go for a scapegoat into the wilderness.
16:17 And there shall be no man in the tabernacle of the congregation when he goes in to make atonement in the holy place, until he comes out, and has made atonement for himself, and for his household, and for all the congregation of Israel.
16:20 And when he has made an end of atoning the holy place, and the tabernacle of the congregation, and the altar, he shall bring the live goat:
16:27 And the bullock for the sin offering, and the goat for the sin offering, whose blood was brought in to make atonement in the holy place, shall place carry forth outside the camp; and they shall burn in the fire their skins, and their flesh, and their dung.
16:34 And this shall be an everlasting statute to you, to make atonement for the children of Israel for all their sins once a year. And he did as Yahweh commanded Moses.
17:11 For the life of the flesh is in the blood: and I have given it to you upon the altar to make atonement for your souls: for it is the blood that makes atonement for the soul.
23:28 And you shall do no work in that same day: for it is a day of atonement, to make atonement for you before Yahweh your God.

Numbers 8:12 And the Levites shall lay their hands upon the heads of the bullocks: and you shall offer the one for a sin offering, and the other for a burnt offering, to Yahweh, to make atonement for the Levites.
8:19 And I have given the Levites as a gift to Aaron and to his sons from among the children of Israel, to do the service of the children of Israel in the tabernacle of the congregation, and to make atonement for the children of Israel: that there be no plague among the children of Israel, when the children of Israel come near to the sanctuary.
15:28 And the priest shall make atonement for the soul who sins ignorantly, when he sins by ignorance before Yahweh, to make atonement for him; and it shall be forgiven him.
28:22 And one goat for a sin offering, to make atonement for you.
29:5 And one kid of the goats for a sin offering, to make atonement for you:
28:30 And one kid of the goats, to make atonement for you.
31:50 We have therefore brought an oblation for Yahweh, what every man has found, of jewels of gold, chains, and bracelets, rings, earrings, and tablets, to make atonement for our souls before Yahweh.

1 Chronicles 6:49 But Aaron and his sons offered upon the altar of the burnt offering, and on the altar of incense, and were appointed for all the work of the place most holy, and to make atonement for Israel, according to all that Moses the servant of God had commanded.

2 Chronicles 29:24 And the priests killed them, and they made reconciliation with their blood upon the altar, to make atonement for all Israel: for the king commanded that the burnt offering and the sin offering should be made for all Israel.

Nehemiah 10:33 For the showbread, and for the continual grain offering, and for the continual burnt offering, of the Sabbaths, of the new moons, for the set feasts, and for the holy things, and for the sin offerings to make atonement for Israel, and for all the work of the house of our God.

Isaiah 47:11 Therefore shall evil come upon you; you shall not know from where it rises: and mischief shall fall upon you; you shall not be able to atone for it: and desolation shall come upon you suddenly, which you shall not know.

Ezekiel 16:63 That you may remember, and be confounded, and never open your mouth anymore because of your shame, when I am appeased toward you for all that you have done, says the Lord Yahweh.
45:15 And one lamb out of the flock, out of two hundred, out of the fat pastures of Israel; for a grain offering, and for a burnt offering, and for peace offerings, to make atonement for them, says the Lord Yahweh.
45:17 And it shall be the prince's part to give burnt offerings, and grain offerings, and drink offerings, in the feasts, and in the new moons, and in the Sabbaths, in all solemnities of the house of Israel: he shall prepare the sin offering, and the grain offering, and the burnt offering, and the peace offerings, to make atonement for the house of Israel.

Daniel 9:24 Seventy weeks are determined upon your people and upon your holy city, to finish the transgression, and to make an end of sins, and to make atonement for iniquity, and to bring in everlasting righteousness, and to seal up the vision and prophecy, and to anoint the most Holy.

PIEL – Imperative

Leviticus 9:7 And Moses said to Aaron, Go to the altar, and offer your sin offering, and your burnt offering, and make atonement for yourself, and for the people: and offer the offering of the people, and make atonement for them; as Yahweh commanded.

Numbers 16:46 And Moses said to Aaron, Take a censer, and put fire in it from off the altar, and put on incense, and go quickly to the congregation, and make atonement for them: for there is wrath gone out from Yahweh; the plague has begun.

Deuteronomy 21:8 Make atonement, O Yahweh, for your people Israel, whom you have redeemed, and do not lay innocent blood to your people of Israel's charge. And the blood shall be atoned for.

Psalm 79:9 Help us, O God of our salvation, for the glory of your name: and deliver us, and make atonement for our sins, for your name's sake.

PIEL – Imperfect

Genesis 32:20 And you shall say also, Behold, your servant Jacob is behind us. For he said, I will appease his face with the present that goes before me, and afterward I will see his face; perhaps he will accept my face.

Exodus 29:37 Seven days you shall make atonement for the altar, and sanctify it; and it shall be an altar most holy: whatever touches the altar shall be holy.
30:10 And Aaron shall make atonement upon the horns of it once in a year with the blood of the sin offering of atonements: once in the year he shall make atonement upon it throughout your generations: it is most holy to Yahweh.
32:30 And it came to pass on the morrow, that Moses said to the people, You have sinned a great sin: and now I will go up to Yahweh; perhaps I can make atonement for your sin.

Leviticus 5:16 And he shall make amends for the harm that he has done in the holy thing, and shall add the fifth part to it, and give it to the priest: and the priest shall make atonement for him with the ram of the trespass offering, and it shall be forgiven him.
7:7 As the sin offering is, so is the trespass offering: there is one law for them: the priest who makes atonement with it shall have it.
16:30 For on that day the priest shall make atonement for you, to cleanse you, that you may be clean from all your sins before Yahweh.
16:33 And he shall make atonement for the holy sanctuary, and for the tabernacle of the congregation, and for the altar, and he shall make atonement for the priests, and for all the people of the congregation.
17:11 For the life of the flesh is in the blood: and I have given it to you upon the altar to make atonement for your souls: for it is the blood that makes atonement for the soul.

Numbers 5:8 But if the man has no kinsman to repay the guilt to, let the guilt be repaid to Yahweh, even to the priest; beside the ram of the atonement, by which atonement shall be made for him.
8:21 And the Levites were purified, and they washed their clothes; and Aaron offered them as an offering before Yahweh; and Aaron made atonement for them to cleanse them.
16:47 And Aaron took as Moses commanded, and ran into the midst of the congregation; and, behold, the plague had begun among the people: and he put on incense, and made atonement for the people.
25:13 And he shall have it, and his seed after him, even the covenant of an everlasting priesthood; because he was zealous for his God, and made atonement for the children of Israel.

2 Samuel 21:3 Therefore David said to the Gibeonites, What shall I do for you? And with what shall I make the atonement that you may bless the inheritance of Yahweh?

2 Chronicles 30:18 For a multitude of the people, even many of Ephraim, and Manasseh, Issachar, and Zebulun, had not cleansed themselves, yet did they eat the Passover otherwise than it was written. But Hezekiah prayed for them, saying, The good Yahweh make atonement for everyone,

Psalm 65:3 Iniquities prevail against me: as for our transgressions, you shall make atonement for them.
78:38 But he, being full of compassion, forgave their iniquity, and did not destroy them: yes, many times he turned his anger away, and did not stir up all his wrath.

Proverbs 16:14 The wrath of a king is as messengers of death: but a wise man will appease for it.

Jeremiah 18:23 Yet, Yahweh, you know all their counsel against me to slay me: make no atonement for their iniquity, nor blot out their sin from your sight, but let them be overthrown before you; deal thus with them in the time of your anger.

Ezekiel 43:26 Seven days they shall make atonement for the altar and purify it, and consecrate it.

PUAL – Perfect

Exodus 29:33 And they shall eat those things with which the atonement was made, to consecrate and to sanctify them: but a stranger shall not eat of it, because they are holy.

Isaiah 28:18 And your covenant with death has been atoned for, and your agreement with hell shall not stand; when the overflowing scourge shall pass through, then you shall be trodden down by it.

PUAL – Imperfect

Numbers 35:33 So you shall not pollute the land in which you are: for blood defiles the land: and atonement cannot be made for the land, for the blood that is shed in it, but by the blood of him who shed it.

Proverbs 16:6 By mercy and truth iniquity will be atoned for: and by the fear of Yahweh men depart from evil.

Isaiah 6:7 And he laid it upon my mouth, and said, Lo, this has touched your lips; and your iniquity is taken away, and your sin atoned for.
22:14 And it was revealed in my ears by Yahweh of hosts, Surely this iniquity of yours shall not be atoned for until you die, says the Lord Yahweh of hosts.
27:9 By this therefore the iniquity of Jacob shall be atoned for; and this is all the fruit to take away his sin; when he makes all the stones of the altar as chalkstones that are beaten into dust, the groves and images shall not stand up.

HITHPAEL Imperfect

1 Samuel 3:14 And therefore I have sworn unto the house of Eli, that the iniquity of Eli's house shall not atone for itself with sacrifice or offering for ever.

HITHPAEL Perfect

Deuteronomy 21:8 Make atonement, O Yahweh, for your people Israel, whom you have redeemed, and do not lay not innocent blood to your people of Israel's charge. And their blood shall be atoned for.

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