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HEBREW WORD STUDIES
מְלָאכָה 'melachah' meaning 'work' Strong's 4399

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Introduction 1.1

This is a bible study about the meaning of the Hebrew word מְלָאכָה, 'melachah' meaning 'work', and gives every verse where the Hebrew word "melachah" appears. It is particularly useful to study the kind of work to abstain from on the Sabbath day. To obtain a true understanding of this word these scriptures need to be meditated on and notes made of their meaning in different contexts. This requires putting scriptures together where they seem to have a similar meaning, and then meditating even more. The truth will be revealed by the Holy Spirit, who has been given to guide us into all truth (John 16:13). Wherever this word melachah appears in the Hebrew, the translation of it is highlighted with yellow. In Hebrew the suffixes and some prepositions are added to the basic word to enhance the meaning, and where this has been done the meaning of the suffix or preposition has been included in highlighted text. Every blessing be to those who seek the truth of God's word.

#1.1 Scriptures for מְלָאכָה 'melachah' meaning 'Work' Strong's 4399

Genesis 2:2 And on the seventh day God ended his work which he had made; and he rested on the seventh day from all his work which he had made.
2:3 And God blessed the seventh day, and sanctified it: because that in it he had rested from all his work which God created and made.
33:14 Let my lord, I pray you, pass over before his servant: and I will lead on softly, according to the pace of the cattle (Lit. the foot of the work animal) that goes before me and the children are able to endure, until I come to my lord to Seir.
39:11 And it came to pass about this time, that Joseph went into the house to do his work; and there was none of the men of the house in there.

Exodus 12:16 And in the first day there shall be a holy convocation, and in the seventh day there shall be a holy convocation to you; no manner of work shall be done in them, except that which every man must eat, that only may be done of you.
20:9 Six days you shall labour, and do all your work:
20:10 But the seventh day is the Sabbath of Yahweh your God: in it you shall not do any work, you, nor your son, nor your daughter, your male servant, nor your female servant, nor your cattle, nor your stranger who is within your gates:
22:8 (7) If the thief is not found, then the master of the house shall be brought to the judges, to see whether he have put his hand to his neighbour's goods.
22:11 (10) Then shall an oath of Yahweh be between them both, that he has not put his hand to his neighbour's goods; and the owner of it shall accept that, and he shall not make it good.
31:3 And I have filled him with the spirit of God, in wisdom, and in understanding, and in knowledge, and in all manner of workmanship,
31:4 To devise cunning works, to work in gold, and in silver, and in brass,
31:5 And in cutting of stones, to set them, and in carving of timber, to work in all manner of workmanship.
31:14 You shall keep the Sabbath therefore; for it is holy to you: every one who defiles it shall surely be put to death: for whoever does any work in it, that soul shall be cut off from among his people.
31:15 Six days may work be done; but in the seventh is the Sabbath of rest, holy to Yahweh: whoever does any work in the Sabbath day, he shall surely be put to death.
35:2 Six days shall work be done, but on the seventh day there shall be to you a holy day, a Sabbath of rest to Yahweh: whoever does work in it shall be put to death.
35:21 And they came, every one whose heart stirred him up, and every one whom his spirit made willing, and they brought Yahweh's offering to the work of the tabernacle of the congregation, and for all his service, and for the holy garments.
35:24 Every one that did offer an offering of silver and brass brought Yahweh's offering: and every man, with whom was found shittim wood for any work of the service, brought it.
35:29 The children of Israel brought a willing offering to Yahweh, every man and woman, whose heart made them willing to bring for all manner of work, which Yahweh had commanded to be made by the hand of Moses.
35:31 And he hath filled him with the spirit of God, in wisdom, in understanding, and in knowledge, and in all manner of workmanship;
35:32 And to devise curious works, to work in gold, and in silver, and in brass,
35:33 And in the cutting of stones, to set them, and in carving of wood, to make any manner of cunning work.
35:34 And he hath put in his heart that he may teach, both he, and Aholiab, the son of Ahisamach, of the tribe of Dan.
35:35 Them hath he filled with wisdom of heart, to work all manner of work, of the engraver, and of the cunning workman, and of the embroiderer, in blue, and in purple, in scarlet, and in fine linen, and of the weaver, even of those who do any work, and of those that devise cunning work.
36:1 Then Bezaleel and Aholiab worked, and every wise hearted man, in whom Yahweh put wisdom and understanding to know how to work all manner of work for the service of the sanctuary, according to all that Yahweh had commanded.
36:2 And Moses called Bezaleel and Aholiab, and every wise hearted man, in whose heart Yahweh had put wisdom, even every one whose heart stirred him up to come to the work to do it:
36:3 And they received of Moses all the offering, which the children of Israel had brought for the work of the service of the sanctuary, to make it. And they brought yet to him free offerings every morning.
36:4 And all the wise men, who did all the work of the sanctuary, came every man from his work which they made;
36:5 And they spoke to Moses, saying, The people bring much more than enough for the service of the work, which Yahweh commanded to make.
36:6 And Moses gave commandment, and they caused it to be proclaimed throughout the camp, saying, Let neither man nor woman make any more work for the offering of the sanctuary. So the people were restrained from bringing.
36:7 For the stuff they had was sufficient for all the work to make it, and too much.
36:8 And every wise hearted man among those who did the work of the tabernacle made ten curtains of fine twined linen, and blue, and purple, and scarlet: with cherubim of cunning work made he them.
38:24 All the gold that was occupied for the work in all the work of the holy place, even the gold of the offering, was twenty nine talents, and seven hundred and thirty shekels, after the shekel of the sanctuary.
39:43 And Moses looked upon all the work, and, behold, they had done it as Yahweh had commanded, even so they had done it: and Moses blessed them.
40:33 And he reared up the court round about the tabernacle and the altar, and set up the hanging of the court gate. So Moses finished the work.

Leviticus 7:24 And the fat of the beast that dies of itself, and the fat of that which is torn with beasts, may be used in any other use: but you shall in no way eat of it.
11:32 Anything on which any of them falls when they are dead shall be unclean; whether it is any vessel of wood, or raiment, or skin, or sack, whatever vessel it is, in which any work is done, it must be put into water, and it shall be unclean until the even; so it shall be cleansed.
13:48 Whether it is in the warp, or woof; of linen, or of woollen; whether in a skin, or in any thing made (Lit. work) of skin;
13:51 And he shall look on the plague on the seventh day: if the plague is spread in the garment, either in the warp, or in the woof, or in a skin, or in any work that is made of skin; the plague is a fretting leprosy; it is unclean.
16:29 And this shall be a statute for ever to you: that in the seventh month, on the tenth day of the month, you shall afflict your souls, and do no work at all, whether it is one of your own country, or a stranger who sojourns among you:
23:3 Six days shall work be done: but the seventh day is the Sabbath of rest, a holy convocation; you shall do no work in it: it is the Sabbath of Yahweh in all your dwellings.
23:7 In the first day you shall have a holy convocation: you shall do no servile work in it.
23:8 But you shall offer an offering made by fire to Yahweh seven days: in the seventh day is a holy convocation: you shall do no servile work in it.
23:21 And you shall proclaim on the same day, that it may be a holy convocation to you: you shall do no servile work in it: it shall be a statute for ever in all your dwellings throughout your generations.
23:25 You shall do no servile work in it: but you shall offer an offering made by fire to Yahweh.
23:28 And you shall do no work in that same day: for it is a day of atonement, to make an atonement for you before Yahweh your God.
23:30 And whatever soul it is who does any work in that same day, the same soul will I destroy from among his people.
23:31 You shall do no manner of work: it shall be a statute for ever throughout your generations in all your dwellings.
23:35 On the first day shall be a holy convocation: you shall do no servile work in it.
23:36 Seven days you shall offer an offering made by fire to Yahweh: on the eighth day shall be a holy convocation to you; and you shall offer an offering made by fire to Yahweh: it is a solemn assembly; and you shall do no servile work in it.

Numbers 4:3From thirty years old and upward even until fifty years old, all who enter into the host, to do the work in the tabernacle of the congregation.
28:18 In the first day shall be a holy convocation; you shall do no manner of servile work in it:
28:25 And on the seventh day you shall have a holy convocation; you shall do no servile work.
28:26 Also in the day of the first-fruits, when you bring a new meat offering to Yahweh, in your feast of weeks, you shall have a holy convocation; you shall do no servile work:
29:1 And in the seventh month, on the first day of the month, you shall have a holy convocation; you shall do no servile work: it is a day of blowing the trumpets to you.
29:7 And you shall have a holy convocation on the tenth day of this seventh month; and you shall afflict your souls: you shall not do any work in it:
29:12 And on the fifteenth day of the seventh month you shall have a holy convocation; you shall do no servile work, and you shall keep a feast to Yahweh seven days:
29:35 On the eighth day you shall have a solemn assembly: you shall do no servile work in it:

Deuteronomy 5:13 Six days you shall labour, and do all your work:
5:14 But the seventh day is the Sabbath of Yahweh your God: in it you shall not do any work, you, nor your son, nor your daughter, nor your male servant, nor your female servant, nor your ox, nor your ass, nor any of your cattle, nor your stranger who is within your gates; that your male servant and your female servant may rest as well as you.
16:8 Six days you shall eat unleavened bread: and on the seventh day shall be a solemn assembly to Yahweh your God: you shall do no work in it.

Judges 16:11 And he said to her, If they bind me fast with new ropes with which work has not been done, then I shall be weak, and be as another man.

1 Samuel 8:16 And he will take your male servants, and your female servants, and your finest young men, and your donkeys, and put them to his work.
15:9 But Saul and the people spared Agag, and the best of the sheep, and of the oxen, and of the fatlings, and the lambs, and all that was good, and would not utterly destroy them: but every thing that was vile and refuse, that they destroyed utterly.

1 Kings 5:16(30) Beside the chief of Solomon's officers who were over the work, three thousand three hundred, who ruled over the people who laboured in the work.
7:14 He was a widow's son of the tribe of Naphtali, and his father was a man of Tyre, a worker in brass: and he was filled with wisdom, and understanding, and cunning to work all works in brass. And he came to king Solomon, and did all his work.
7:22 And on the top of the pillars was lily work: so was the work of the pillars finished.
7:40 And Hiram made the lavers, and the shovels, and the bowls. So Hiram made an end of doing all the work that he made king Solomon for the house of Yahweh:
7:51 So all the work that king Solomon made for the house of Yahweh was finished. And Solomon brought in the things which David his father had dedicated; even the silver, and the gold, and the vessels, he put among the treasures of the house of Yahweh.
9:23 These were the chief of the officers who were over Solomon's work, five hundred and fifty, who ruled over the people who did the work.
11:28 And the man Jeroboam was a mighty man of valour: and Solomon seeing the young man that he worked, he made him ruler over all the labour force of the house of Joseph.

2 Kings 12:11(12) And they gave the money, which had been apportioned into the hands of those who did the work, who had the oversight of the house of Yahweh: and they laid it out to the carpenters and builders, who worked on the house of Yahweh,
12:14 (15) But they gave that to those who did the work, and repaired the house of Yahweh with it.
12:15 (16) Moreover they did not reckon with the men, into whose hand they delivered the money to be bestowed on those who did the work: for they dealt faithfully.
22:5 And let them deliver it into the hand of those who did the work, who have the oversight of the house of Yahweh: and let them give it to those who do the work which is in the house of Yahweh, to repair the breaches of the house,
22:9 And Shaphan the scribe came to the king, and brought the king word again, and said, Your servants have gathered the money that was found in the house, and have delivered it into the hand of those who do the work, who have the oversight of the house of Yahweh.

1 Chronicles 4:23 These were the potters, and those who dwelt among plants and hedges: there they dwelt with the king for his work.
6:49 (34) But Aaron and his sons offered upon the altar of the burnt offering, and on the altar of incense, and were appointed for all the work of the place most holy, and to make an atonement for Israel, according to all that Moses the servant of God had commanded.
9:13 And their brethren, heads of the house of their fathers, a thousand seven hundred and sixty; very able men for the work of the service of the house of God.
9:19 And Shallum the son of Kore, the son of Ebiasaph, the son of Korah, and his brethren, of the house of his father, the Korahites, were over the work of the service, keepers of the gates of the tabernacle: and their fathers, being over the host of Yahweh, were keepers of the entry.
9:33 And these are the singers, chief of the fathers of the Levites, who remaining in the chambers were free: for they were employed in that work day and night.
22:15 Moreover there are those who do the work with you in abundance, hewers and workers of stone and timber, and all manner of cunning men for every manner of work.
23:4 Of which, twenty four thousand were to set forward the work of the house of Yahweh; and six thousand were officers and judges:
23:24 These were the sons of Levi after the house of their fathers; even the chief of the fathers, as they were counted individually by number of their names, who did the work for the service of the house of Yahweh, from the age of twenty years and upward.
25:1 Moreover David and the captains of the host separated to the service of the sons of Asaph, and of Heman, and of Jeduthun, who should prophesy with harps, with psalteries, and with cymbals: and the number of the workmen (Lit. men of work) according to their service was:
26:29 Of the Izharites, Chenaniah and his sons were for the outward business over Israel, for officers and judges.
26:30 And of the Hebronites, Hashabiah and his brethren, men of valour, a thousand and seven hundred, were officers among them of Israel on this side Jordan westward in all the business of Yahweh, and in the service of the king.
27:26 And over those who did the work of the field for tillage of the ground was Ezri the son of Chelub:
28:13 Also for the courses of the priests and the Levites, and for all the work of the service of the house of Yahweh, and for all the vessels of service in the house of Yahweh.
28:19 All this, said David, Yahweh made me understand in writing by his hand upon me, even all the works of this pattern.
28:20 And David said to Solomon his son, Be strong and of good courage, and do it: do not be afraid, nor be dismayed: for Yahweh God, even my God, will be with you; he will not fail you, nor forsake you, until you hast finished all the work for the service of the house of Yahweh.
28:21 And, behold, the courses of the priests and the Levites, even they shall be with you for all the service of the house of God: and there shall be with you for all manner of workmanship every willing skilful man, for any manner of service: also the princes and all the people will be wholly at your commandment.
29:1 Furthermore David the king said to all the congregation, Solomon my son, whom alone God has chosen, is yet young and tender, and the work is great: for the palace is not for man, but for Yahweh God.
29:5 The gold for things of gold, and the silver for things of silver, and for all manner of work to be made by the hands of artificers. And who then is willing to consecrate his service this day to Yahweh?
29:6 Then the chief of the fathers and princes of the tribes of Israel, and the captains of thousands and of hundreds, with the rulers of the king's work, offered willingly,

2Chronicles 4:11 And Huram made the pots, and the shovels, and the bowls. And Huram finished the work that he was to make for king Solomon for the house of God;
5:1 Thus all the work that Solomon made for the house of Yahweh was finished: and Solomon brought in all the things that David his father had dedicated; and the silver, and the gold, and all the instruments, put he among the treasures of the house of God.
8:9 But of the children of Israel Solomon made no servants for his work; but they were men of war, and chief of his captains, and captains of his chariots and horsemen.
8:16 Now all the work of Solomon was prepared for the day of the foundation of the house of Yahweh, and until it was finished. So the house of Yahweh was perfected.
13:10 But as for us, Yahweh is our God, and we have not forsaken him; and the priests, who minister to Yahweh, are the sons of Aaron, and the Levites wait upon their business:
16:5 And it came to pass, when Baasha heard it, that he left off building of Ramah, and let his work cease.
17:13 And he had much business in the cities of Judah: and the men of war, mighty men of valour, were in Jerusalem.
24:12 And the king and Jehoiada gave it to such as did the work of the service of the house of Yahweh, and hired masons and carpenters to repair the house of Yahweh, and also such as worked iron and brass to mend the house of Yahweh.
24:13 So those who did the work) worked, and the work was perfected (Lit. the healing went upon the work) by them, and they set the house of God in his state, and strengthened it.
29:34 But the priests were too few, so that they could not flay all the burnt offerings: therefore their brethren the Levites helped them, till the work was finished, and until the other priests had sanctified themselves: for the Levites were more upright in heart to sanctify themselves than the priests.
34:10 And they put it in the hand of those who did the work, who had the oversight of the house of Yahweh, and they gave it to the workmen who worked in the house of Yahweh, to repair and amend the house:
34:12 And the men did the work faithfully: and the overseers of them were Jahath and Obadiah, the Levites, of the sons of Merari; and Zechariah and Meshullam, of the sons of the Kohathites, to set it forward; and other of the Levites, all who were skilful with instruments of music.
34:13 Also they were over the bearers of burdens, and were overseers of all who did the work in any manner of service: and of the Levites there were scribes, and officers, and porters.
34:17 And they have gathered together the money that was found in the house of Yahweh, and have delivered it into the hand of the overseers, and to the hand of those who did the work.

Ezra 2:69 They gave after their ability to the treasure of the work sixty one thousand drams of gold, and five thousand pounds of silver, and one hundred priests' garments.
3:8 Now in the second year of their coming to the house of God at Jerusalem, in the second month, began Zerubbabel the son of Shealtiel, and Jeshua the son of Jozadak, and the remnant of their brethren the priests and the Levites, and all those who came out of the captivity to Jerusalem; and appointed the Levites, from twenty years old and upward, to set forward the work of the house of Yahweh.
3:9 Then Jeshua stood with his sons and his brethren, Kadmiel and his sons, the sons of Judah, together, to set forward the workmen in the house of God: the sons of Henadad, with their sons and their brethren the Levites.
6:22 And kept the feast of unleavened bread seven days with joy: for Yahweh had made them joyful, and turned the heart of the king of Assyria towards them, to strengthen their hands in the work of the house of God, the God of Israel.
10:13 But the people are many, and it is a time of much rain, and we are not able to stand outside, neither is this a wok of one day or two: for we are many who have transgressed in this thing.

Nehemiah 2:16 And the rulers did not know where I went, or what I did; neither had I as yet told it to the Jews, nor to the priests, nor to the nobles, nor to the rulers, nor to the rest who did the work.
4:11(5) And our adversaries said, They shall not know, neither see, till we come in the midst among them, and slay them, and cause the work to cease.
4:15 (9) And it came to pass, when our enemies heard that it was known to us, and God had brought their counsel to nothing, that we returned all of us to the wall, every one to his work.
4:16 (10) And it came to pass from that time forth, that the half of my servants worked in the work, and the other half of them held both the spears, the shields, and the bows, and the armour; and the rulers were behind all the house of Judah.
4:17 (11) Those who built on the wall, and those who bore burdens, with those who laded, everyone with one of his hands did the work, and with the other hand held a weapon.
4:19 (13) And I said to the nobles, and to the rulers, and to the rest of the people, the work is great and large, and we are separated upon the wall, one far from another.
4:21 (15) So we laboured in the work: and half of them held the spears from the rising of the morning till the stars appeared.
4:22 (16) Likewise at the same time I said to the people, Let every one with his servant lodge within Jerusalem, that in the night they may be a guard to us, and labour on the day.
5:16 Yes, also I continued in the work of this wall, neither did we buy any land: and all my servants were gathered there to the work.
6:3 And I sent messengers to them, saying, I am doing a great work, so that I cannot come down: why should the work cease, while I leave it, and come down to you?
6:9 For they all made us afraid, saying, Their hands shall be weakened from the work, so that it is not done. Now therefore, O God, strengthen my hands.
6:16 And it came to pass, that when all our enemies heard of it, and all the heathen who were about us saw these things, they were much cast down in their own eyes: for they perceived that this work was done of our God.
7:70 And some of the chief of the fathers gave to the work. The Tirshatha gave to the treasure a thousand drams of gold, fifty bowls, five hundred and thirty priests' garments.
7:71 And some of the chief of the fathers gave to the treasure of the work twenty thousand drams of gold, and two thousand two hundred pounds of silver.
10:33 For the showbread, and for the continual meat offering, and for the continual burnt offering, of the Sabbaths, of the new moons, for the set feasts, and for the holy things, and for the sin offerings to make an atonement for Israel, and for all the work of the house of our God.
11:12 And their brethren who did the work of the house were eight hundred twenty and two: and Adaiah the son of Jeroham, the son of Pelaliah, the son of Amzi, the son of Zechariah, the son of Pashur, the son of Malchiah,
11:16 And Shabbethai and Jozabad, of the chief of the Levites, had the oversight of the outward business of the house of God.
11:22 The overseer also of the Levites at Jerusalem was Uzzi the son of Bani, the son of Hashabiah, the son of Mattaniah, the son of Micha. Of the sons of Asaph, the singers were over the business of the house of God.
13:10 And I perceived that the portions of the Levites had not been given them: for the Levites and the singers, who did the work, had fled everyone to his field.
13:30 Thus cleansed I them from all strangers, and appointed the wards of the priests and the Levites, every one in his business;

Esther 3:9 If it pleases the king, let it be written that they may be destroyed: and I will pay ten thousand talents of silver to the hands of those who have the charge of the business, to bring it into the king's treasuries.
9:3 And all the rulers of the provinces, and the lieutenants, and the deputies, and those who did the work of the king, helped the Jews; because the fear of Mordecai fell upon them.

Psalm 73:28 But it is good for me to draw near to God: I have put my trust in the Lord Yahweh, that I may declare all your works.
107:23 They that go down to the sea in ships, that do business in great waters;

Proverbs 18:9 He also who is lazy in his work is brother to him who is a great waster.
22:29 Do you see a man diligent in his business? He shall stand before kings; he shall not stand before mean men.
24:27 Prepare your work outside, and make it fit for thyself in the field; and afterwards build your house.

Jeremiah 17:22 Neither carry forth a burden out of your houses on the Sabbath day, nor do any work, but sanctify the Sabbath day, as I commanded your fathers.
17:24 And it shall come to pass, if you diligently listen to me, says Yahweh, to bring in no burden through the gates of this city on the Sabbath day, but sanctify the Sabbath day, to do no work in it;
18:3 Then I went down to the potter's house, and, behold, he made a work on the wheels.
48:10 Cursed is he who does the work of Yahweh deceitfully, and cursed is he who keeps back his sword from blood.
50:25 The LORD has opened his armoury, and has brought forth the weapons of his indignation: for this is the work of the Lord Yahweh of hosts in the land of the Chaldeans.

Ezekiel 15:3 Shall wood be taken from it to do any work? Or will men take a pin of it to hang any vessel on it?
15:4 Behold, it is cast into the fire for fuel; the fire devours both the ends of it, and the midst of it is burned. Is it fit for any work?
15:5 Behold, when it was whole, it was fit for no work: how much less shall it be fit yet for any work, when the fire has devoured it, and it is burned?
28:13 You have been in Eden the garden of God; every precious stone was your covering, the sardius, topaz, and the diamond, the beryl, the onyx, and the jasper, the sapphire, the emerald, and the carbuncle, and gold: the workmanship of your timbrels and of your pipes was prepared in you in the day that you were created.

Daniel 8:27 And I Daniel fainted, and was sick certain days; afterward I rose up, and did the king's business; and I was astonished at the vision, but no one understood it.

Jonah 1:8 Then said they to him, Tell us, we pray you, for whose cause this evil is upon us; What is your occupation? And where do you come from? What is your country? And of what people are you?

Haggai 1:14 And Yahweh stirred up the spirit of Zerubbabel the son of Shealtiel, governor of Judah, and the spirit of Joshua the son of Josedech, the high priest, and the spirit of all the remnant of the people; and they came and worked in the house of Yahweh of hosts, their God,

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