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HEBREW WORD STUDIES
נֶפֶשׁ 'nephesh' meaning 'Soul' Strong's 5315 Joshua to Job

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Introduction 1.2

This is a thorough word study about the meaning of the Hebrew word נֶפֶשׁ, 'nephesh' translated soul, and gives every verse where the Hebrew word "nephesh" appears between Joshua and Job. To obtain a true understanding of this word these scriptures need to be meditated on and notes made of their meaning in different contexts. This requires putting scriptures together where they seem to have a similar meaning, and then meditating even more. The truth will be revealed by the Holy Spirit, who has been given to guide us into all truth (John 16:13). Wherever this word nephesh appears in the Hebrew, the translation of it is highlighted with yellow. In Hebrew the suffixes and some prepositions are added to the basic word to enhance the meaning, and where this has been done the meaning of the suffix or preposition has been included in highlighted text. Every blessing be to those who seek the truth of God's word.

#1.2 Scriptures for נֶפֶשׁ 'nephesh' meaning 'Soul' Strong's 5315 - Joshua to Job

Joshua 2:13 And that you will save alive my father, and my mother, and my brothers, and my sisters, and all that they have, and deliver our lives from death.
2:14 And the men answered her, Our life for yours, if you do not utter this our business. And it shall be, when Yahweh has given us the land that we will deal kindly and truly with you.
9:24 And they answered Joshua, and said, Because it was certainly told your servants, how that Yahweh your God commanded his servant Moses to give you all the land, and to destroy all the inhabitants of the land from before you, therefore we were much afraid of our lives because of you, and have done this thing.
10:28 And that day Joshua took Makkedah, and smote it with the edge of the sword, and its king he utterly destroyed, them, and all the souls that were in it; he let none remain: and he did to the king of Makkedah as he did to the king of Jericho.
10:30 And Yahweh delivered it also, and its king, into the hand of Israel; and he smote it with the edge of the sword, and all the souls that were in it; he let none remain in it; but did to its king as he did to the king of Jericho.
10:32 And Yahweh delivered Lachish into the hand of Israel, which took it on the second day, and smote it with the edge of the sword, and all the souls that were in it, according to all that he had done to Libnah.
10:35 And they took it on that day, and smote it with the edge of the sword, and all the souls that were in it he utterly destroyed that day, according to all that he had done to Lachish.
10:36 And Joshua went up from Eglon, and all Israel with him, to Hebron; and they fought against it:
10:37 And they took it, and smote it with the edge of the sword, and its king, and all its cities, and all the souls that were in it; he left none remaining, according to all that he had done to Eglon; but destroyed it utterly, and all the souls that were in it.
10:38 And Joshua returned, and all Israel with him, to Debir; and fought against it:
10:39 And he took it, and its king, and all its cities; and they smote them with the edge of the sword, and utterly destroyed all the souls that were in it; he left none remaining: as he had done to Hebron, so he did to Debir, and to its king; as he had done also to Libnah, and to her king.
11:11 And they smote all the souls that were in it with the edge of the sword, utterly destroying them: there was not any left to breathe: and he burnt Hazor with fire.
20:3 That the slayer who kills any person unawares and unwittingly may flee there: and they shall be your refuge from the avenger of blood.
20:9 These were the cities appointed for all the children of Israel and for the stranger who sojourns among them, that whoever kills any person at unawares might flee there, and not die by the hand of the avenger of blood, until he stood before the congregation.
22:5 But take diligent heed to do the commandment and the law, which Moses the servant of Yahweh commanded you, to love Yahweh your God, and to walk in all his ways, and to keep his commandments, and to cling to him, and to serve him with all your heart and with all your soul.
23:11 Take good heed therefore to yourselves (Lit. your souls), that you love Yahweh your God.
23:14 And, behold, this day I am going the way of all the earth: and you know in all your hearts and in all your souls, that not one thing has failed of all the good things which Yahweh your God spoke concerning you; all are come to pass to you, and not one thing has failed of it.

Judges 5:18 Zebulun and Naphtali were a people who risked their lives (Lit. his soul) to the death in the high places of the field.
5:21 The river of Kishon swept them away, that ancient river, the river Kishon. O my soul, you have trodden down strength.
9:17 For my father fought for you, and adventured his life far, and delivered you out of the hand of Midian:
10:16 And they put away the strange gods from among them, and served Yahweh: and his soul was grieved for the misery of Israel.
12:3 And when I saw that you did not deliver me, I put my life in my hands, and passed over against the children of Ammon, and Yahweh delivered them into my hand: why then are you come up to me this day, to fight against me?
16:16 And it came to pass, when she pressed him daily with her words, and urged him, so that his soul was vexed to death;
16:30 And Samson said, Let me (Lit. my soul) die with the Philistines. And he bowed himself with all his might; and the house fell upon the lords, and upon all the people that were in it. So the dead which he slew at his death were more than those whom he slew in his life.
18:25 And the children of Daniel said to him, Do not let your voice be heard among us, lest angry (Lit. bitter of soul) fellows run upon you, and you lose your life, with the lives of your household.

Ruth 4:15 And he shall be to you a restorer of your life, and a nourisher of your old age: for your daughter in law, who loves you, who is better to you than seven sons, has born him.

1 Samuel 1:10 And she was in bitterness of soul, and prayed to Yahweh, and wept much.
1:15 And Hannah answered and said, No, my lord, I am a woman of a sorrowful spirit: I have drunk neither wine nor strong drink, but have poured out my soul before Yahweh.
1:26 And she said, Oh my lord, as your soul lives, my lord, I am the woman that stood by you here, praying to Yahweh.
2:16 And if any man said to him, Do not let them fail to burn the fat presently, and then take as much as your soul desires; then he would answer him, No; but you shall give it me now: and if not, I will take it by force.
2:33 And the man of yours, whom I shall not cut off from my altar, shall be to consume your eyes, and to grieve your heart: and all the increase of your house shall die in the flower of their age.
2:35 And I will raise me up a faithful priest, who shall do according to that which is in my heart and in my mind: and I will build him a sure house; and he shall walk before my anointed forever.
17:55 And when Saul saw David go forth against the Philistine, he said to Abner, the captain of the host, Abner, whose son is this youth? And Abner said, As your soul lives, O king, I cannot tell.
18:1 And it came to pass, when he had made an end of speaking to Saul, that the soul of Jonathan was knit with the soul of David, and Jonathan loved him as his own soul.
18:2 And Saul took him that day, and would let him go no more home to his father's house.
18:3 Then Jonathan and David made a covenant, because he loved him as his own soul.
19:5 For he did put his life in his hand, and slew the Philistine, and Yahweh worked a great salvation for all Israel: you saw it, and did rejoice: wherefore then will you sin against innocent blood, to slay David without a cause?
19:11 Saul also sent messengers to David's house, to watch him, and to slay him in the morning: and Michal David's wife told him, saying, If you do not save your life tonight, tomorrow you shall be slain.
20:1 And David fled from Naioth in Ramah, and came and said before Jonathan, What have I done? what is my iniquity? and what is my sin before your father, that he seeks my life?
20:3 And David swore moreover, and said, Your father certainly knows that I have found grace in your eyes; and he says, Do not let Jonathan know this, lest he is grieved: but truly as Yahweh lives, and as your soul lives, there is but a step between me and death.
20:4 Then said Jonathan to David, Whatever your soul desires, I will even do it for you.
20:17 And Jonathan caused David to swear again, because he loved him: for he loved him as he loved his own soul.
22:2 And every one that was in distress, and every one that was in debt, and every one that was discontented (Lit. bitter of soul), gathered themselves to him; and he became a captain over them: and there were with him about four hundred men.
22:22 And David said to Abiathar, I knew it that day, when Doeg the Edomite was there, that he would surely tell Saul: I have occasioned the death of all the persons of your father's house.
22:23 You stay with me, do not fear: for he who seeks my life seeks your life: but with me you shall be in safeguard.
23:15 And David saw that Saul came out to seek his life: and David was in the wilderness of Ziph in a wood.
23:20 Now therefore, O king, come down according to all the desire of your soul to come down; and our part shall be to deliver him into the king's hand.
24:11 Moreover, my father, see, yes, see the skirt of your robe in my hand: for in that I cut off the skirt of your robe, and did not kill you, know and see that there is neither evil nor transgression in my hand, and I have not sinned against you; yet you hunted my soul to take it.
25:26 Now therefore, my lord, as Yahweh lives, and as your soul lives, seeing Yahweh has withheld you from coming to shed blood, and from avenging yourself with your own hand, now let your enemies, and those who seek evil to my lord, be as Nabal.
25:29 Yet a man has risen to pursue you, and to seek your soul: but the soul of my lord shall be bound in the bundle of life with Yahweh your God; and the souls of your enemies, them shall he sling out, as out of the middle of a sling.
26:21 Then said Saul, I have sinned: return, my son David: for I will no more do you harm, because my soul was precious in your eyes this day: behold, I have played the fool, and have erred exceedingly.
26:24 And, behold, as your life was much set by this day in my eyes, so let my life be much set by in the eyes of Yahweh, and let him deliver me out of all tribulation.
28:9 And the woman said to him, Behold, you know what Saul has done, how he has cut off those who have familiar spirits, and the wizards, out of the land: why then do you lay a snare for my life, to cause me to die?
28:21 And the woman came to Saul, and saw that he was sore troubled, and said to him, Behold, your handmaid has obeyed your voice, and I have put my life in my hand, and have hearkened to your words which you spoke to me.
30:6 And David was greatly distressed; for the people spoke of stoning him, because the soul of all the people was grieved, every man for his sons and for his daughters: but David encouraged himself in Yahweh his God.

2 Samuel 1:9 He said to me again, Stand, I pray you, upon me, and slay me: for anguish is come upon me, because my life is yet whole in me.
3:21 And Abner said to David, I will arise and go, and will gather all Israel to my lord the king, that they may make a covenant with you, and that you may reign over all that your heart desires.
4:8 And they brought the head of Ishbosheth to David to Hebron, and said to the king, Behold the head of Ishbosheth the son of Saul your enemy, which sought your life; and Yahweh has avenged my lord the king this day of Saul, and of his seed.
4:9 And David answered Rechab and Baanah his brother, the sons of Rimmon the Beerothite, and said to them, As Yahweh lives, who has redeemed my soul out of all adversity,
5:8 And David said on that day, Whoever gets up to the gutter, and smites the Jebusites, and the lame and the blind, that are hated of David's soul, he shall be chief and captain. Therefore they said, The blind and the lame shall not come into the house.
11:11 And Uriah said to David, The ark, and Israel, and Judah, abide in tents; and my lord Joab, and the servants of my lord, are encamped in the open fields; shall I then go into my house, to eat and to drink, and to lie with my wife? as you live, and as your soul lives, I will not do this thing.
14:7 And, behold, the whole family is risen against your handmaid, and they said, Deliver him who smote his brother, that we may kill him, for the life of his brother whom he slew; and we will destroy the heir also: and so they shall quench my coal which is left, and shall not leave to my husband neither name nor remainder upon the earth.
14:14 For we must needs die, and are as water spilt on the ground, which cannot be gathered up again; neither does God respect any person: yet he does devise means, that his banished be not expelled from him.
14:19 And the king said, Is not the hand of Joab with you in all this? And the woman answered and said, As your soul lives, my lord the king, none can turn to the right hand or to the left from anything that my lord the king has spoken: for your servant Joab, he bade me, and he put all these words in the mouth of your handmaid:
16:11 And David said to Abishai, and to all his servants, Behold, my son, which came forth of my bowels, seeks my life: how much more now may this Benjamite do it? let him alone, and let him curse; for Yahweh has bidden him.
17:8 For, said Hushai, you know your father and his men, that they are mighty men, and they are chafed in their minds, as a bear robbed of her whelps in the field: and your father is a man of war, and will not lodge with the people.
18:13 Otherwise I should have worked falsehood against my own life: for there is no matter hid from the king, and you yourself would have set yourself against me.
19:5 (6) And Joab came into the house to the king, and said, You have shamed this day the faces of all your servants, which this day have saved your life, and the lives of your sons and of your daughters, and the lives of your wives, and the lives of your concubines;
23:17 And he said, Be it far from me, O Yahweh, that I should do this: is not this the blood of the men that went in jeopardy of their lives? therefore he would not drink it. These things did these three mighty men.

1 Kings 1:12 Now therefore come, let me, I pray you, give you counsel, that you may save your own life, and the life of your son Solomon.
1:29 And the king swore, and said, As Yahweh lives, that has redeemed my soul out of all distress,
2:4 That Yahweh may continue his word which he spoke concerning me, saying, If your children take heed to their way, to walk before me in truth with all their heart and with all their soul, there shall not fail you (said he) a man on the throne of Israel.
2:23 Then king Solomon swore by Yahweh, saying, God do so to me, and more also, if Adonijah has not spoken this word against his own life.
3:11 And God said to him, Because you have asked this thing, and have not asked for yourself long life; neither have asked riches for yourself, nor have asked the life of your enemies; but have asked for yourself understanding to discern judgment;
8:48 And so return to you with all their heart, and with all their soul, in the land of their enemies, which led them away captive, and pray to you toward their land, which you gave to their fathers, the city which you have chosen, and the house which I have built for your name:
11:37 And I will take you, and you shall reign according to all that your soul desires, and shall be king over Israel.
17:21 And he stretched himself upon the child three times, and cried to Yahweh, and said, O Yahweh my God, I pray you, let this child's soul come into him again.
17:22 And Yahweh heard the voice of Elijah; and the soul of the child came into him again, and he revived.
19:2 Then Jezebel sent a messenger to Elijah, saying, So let the gods do to me, and more also, if I do not make your life as the life of one of them by tomorrow about this time.
19:3 And when he saw that, he arose, and went for his life, and came to Beersheba, which belongs to Judah, and left his servant there.
19:4 But he himself went a day's journey into the wilderness, and came and sat down under a juniper tree: and he requested for himself that he might die; and said, It is enough; now, O Yahweh, take away my life; for I am not better than my fathers.
19:10 And he said, I have been very jealous for Yahweh God of hosts: for the children of Israel have forsaken your covenant, thrown down your altars, and slain your prophets with the sword; and I, even I only, am left; and they seek my life, to take it away.
19:14 And he said, I have been very jealous for Yahweh God of hosts: because the children of Israel have forsaken your covenant, thrown down your altars, and slain your prophets with the sword; and I, even I only, am left; and they seek my life, to take it away.
20:31 And his servants said to him, Behold now, we have heard that the kings of the house of Israel are merciful kings: let us, I pray you, put sackcloth on our loins, and ropes upon our heads, and go out to the king of Israel: peradventure he will save your life.
20:32 So they girded sackcloth on their loins, and put ropes on their heads, and came to the king of Israel, and said, Your servant Benhadad says, I pray you, let me (Lit. my soul) live. And he said, Is he yet alive? he is my brother.
20:39 And as the king passed by, he cried to the king: and he said, Your servant went out into the midst of the battle; and, behold, a man turned aside, and brought a man to me, and said, Keep this man: if by any means he is missing, then shall your life be for his life, or else you shall pay a talent of silver.
20:42 And he said to him, Thus says Yahweh, Because you have let go out of your hand a man whom I appointed to utter destruction, therefore your life shall go for his life, and your people for his people.

2 Kings 1:13 And he sent again a captain of the third fifty with his fifty. And the third captain of fifty went up, and came and fell on his knees before Elijah, and besought him, and said to him, O man of God, I pray you, let my life, and the life of these fifty your servants, be precious in your sight.
1:14 Behold, there came fire down from heaven, and burnt up the two captains of the former fifties with their fifties: therefore let my life now be precious in your sight.
2:2 And Elijah said to Elisha, Wait here, I pray you; for Yahweh has sent me to Bethel. And Elisha said to him, As Yahweh lives, and as your soul lives, I will not leave you. So they went down to Bethel.
2:4 And Elijah said to him, Elisha, wait here, I pray you; for Yahweh has sent me to Jericho. And he said, As Yahweh lives, and as your soul lives, I will not leave you. So they came to Jericho.
2:6 And Elijah said to him, Wait, I pray you, here; for Yahweh has sent me to Jordan. And he said, As Yahweh lives, and as your soul lives, I will not leave you. And they two went on.
4:27 And when she came to the man of God to the hill, she caught him by the feet: but Gehazi came near to thrust her away. And the man of God said, Let her alone; for her soul is vexed within her: and Yahweh has hid it from me, and has not told me.
4:30 And the mother of the child said, As Yahweh lives, and as your soul lives, I will not leave you. And he arose, and followed her.
7:7 Therefore they arose and fled in the twilight, and left their tents, and their horses, and their asses, even the camp as it was, and fled for their life.
9:15 But king Joram was returned to be healed in Jezreel of the wounds which the Syrians had given him, when he fought with Hazael king of Syria.) And Jehu said, If it is your minds, then let none go forth nor escape out of the city to go to tell it in Jezreel.
10:24 And when they went in to offer sacrifices and burnt offerings, Jehu appointed fourscore men without, and said, If any of the men whom I have brought into your hands escape, he who lets him go, his life shall be for the life of him.
12:4 (5) And Jehoash said to the priests, All the money of the dedicated things that is brought into the house of Yahweh, even the money of every one that passes the account, the money that every man (Lit. of the souls of his estimation) is set at, and all the money that comes into any man's heart to bring into the house of Yahweh,
23:3 And the king stood by a pillar, and made a covenant before Yahweh, to walk after Yahweh, and to keep his commandments and his testimonies and his statutes with all their heart and all their soul, to perform the words of this covenant that were written in this book. And all the people stood to the covenant.
23:25 And like to him was there no king before him, that turned to Yahweh with all his heart, and with all his soul, and with all his might, according to all the law of Moses; neither after him arose there any like him.

1 Chronicles 5:21 And they took away their cattle; of their camels fifty thousand, and of sheep two hundred and fifty thousand, and of asses two thousand, and (souls) of men an hundred thousand.
11:19 And said, My God forbid it me, that I should do this thing: shall I drink the blood of these men that have put their lives in jeopardy? for with the jeopardy of their lives they brought it. Therefore he would not drink it. These things did these three mightiest.
22:19 Now set your heart and your soul to seek Yahweh your God; arise therefore, and build you the sanctuary of Yahweh God, to bring the ark of the covenant of Yahweh, and the holy vessels of God, into the house that is to be built to the name of Yahweh.
28:9 And you, Solomon my son, know you the God of your father, and serve him with a perfect heart and with a willing mind: for Yahweh searches all hearts, and understands all the imaginations of the thoughts: if you seek him, he will be found of you; but if you forsake him, he will cast you off for ever.

2 Chronicles 1:11 And God said to Solomon, Because this was in your heart, and you have not asked riches, wealth, or honour, nor the life of your enemies, neither yet have asked long life; but have asked wisdom and knowledge for yourself, that you may judge my people, over whom I have made you king:
6:38 If they return to you with all their heart and with all their soul in the land of their captivity, where they have carried them captives, and pray toward their land, which you gave to their fathers, and toward the city which you have chosen, and toward the house which I have built for your name:
15:12 And they entered into a covenant to seek Yahweh God of their fathers with all their heart and with all their soul;
34:31 And the king stood in his place, and made a covenant before Yahweh, to walk after Yahweh, and to keep his commandments, and his testimonies, and his statutes, with all his heart, and with all his soul, to perform the words of the covenant which are written in this book.

Esther 4:13 Then Mordecai commanded to answer Esther, Do not think within yourself (Lit. in your soul) that you shall escape in the king's house, more than all the Jews.
7:3 Then Esther the queen answered and said, If I have found favour in your sight, O king, and if it please the king, let my life be given me at my petition, and my people at my request:
7:7 And the king arising from the banquet of wine in his wrath went into the palace garden: and Haman stood up to make request for his life to Esther the queen; for he saw that there was evil determined against him by the king.
8:11 Wherein the king granted the Jews which were in every city to gather themselves together, and to stand for their life, to destroy, to slay, and to cause to perish, all the power of the people and province that would assault them, both little ones and women, and to take the spoil of them for a prey,
9:16 But the other Jews that were in the king's provinces gathered themselves together, and stood for their lives, and had rest from their enemies, and slew of their foes seventy and five thousand, but they did not lay their hands on the prey,
9:31 To confirm these days of Purim in their times appointed, according as Mordecai the Jew and Esther the queen had enjoined them, and as they had decreed for themselves (Lit. their souls) and for their seed, the matters of the fastings and their cry.

Job 2:4 And Satan answered Yahweh, and said, Skin for skin, yes, all that a man has will he give for his life.
2:6 And Yahweh said to Satan, Behold, he is in your hand; but save his life.
3:20 Therefore is light given to him who is in misery, and life to the bitter in soul;
6:7 The things that my soul refused to touch are as my sorrowful meat.
6:11 What is my strength that I should hope? and what is my end, that I should prolong my life?
7:11 Therefore I will not refrain my mouth; I will speak in the anguish of my spirit; I will complain in the bitterness of my soul.
7:15 So that my soul chooses strangling, and death rather than my life.
9:21 Though I were perfect, yet I would not know my soul: I would despise my life.
10:1 My soul is weary of my life; I will leave my complaint upon myself; I will speak in the bitterness of my soul.
11:20 But the eyes of the wicked shall fail, and they shall not escape, and their hope shall be as the giving up of the ghost (Lit. the breathing out of the soul).
12:10 In whose hand is the soul of every living thing, and the breath of all mankind.
13:14 Therefore do I take my flesh in my teeth, and put my life in my hand?
14:22 But his flesh upon him shall have pain, and his soul within him shall mourn.
16:4 I also could speak as you do: if your soul were in my soul's stead, I could heap up words against you, and shake my head at you.
18:4 He tears himself (Lit. his soul) in his anger: shall the earth be forsaken for you? and shall the rock be removed out of his place?
19:2 How long will you vex my soul, and break me in pieces with words?
21:25 And another dies in the bitterness of his soul (Lit. in a bitter soul), and never eats with pleasure.
23:13 But he is in one mind, and who can turn him? and what his soul desires, even that he does.
24:12 Men groan from out of the city, and the soul of the wounded cry out: yet God does not lay folly to them.
27:2 As God lives, who has taken away my judgment; and the Almighty, who has vexed my soul;
27:8 For what is the hope of the hypocrite, though he has gained, when God takes away his soul?
30:16 And now my soul is poured out in me; the days of affliction have taken hold upon me.
30:25 Did I not weep for him who was in trouble? was not my soul grieved for the poor?
31:30 Neither have I suffered my mouth to sin by wishing a curse to his soul.
31:39 If I have eaten the fruits of it without money, or have caused the owners of it to lose their life (Lit. the soul of its owners to expire):
32:2 Then was kindled the wrath of Elihu the son of Barachel the Buzite, of the kindred of Ram: against was his wrath kindled, because he justified himself (Lit. his soul) rather than God.
33:18 He keeps back his soul from the pit, and his life from perishing by the sword.
33:19 He is chastened also with pain upon his bed, and the multitude of his bones with strong pain:
33:20 So that his life abhors bread, and his soul dainty meat.
33:21 His flesh is consumed away, that it cannot be seen; and his bones that were not seen stick out.
33:22 Yes, his soul draws near to the grave, and his life to the destroyers.
33:28 He will deliver his soul from going into the pit, and his life shall see the light.
33:29 Lo, all these things works God oftentimes with man,
33:30 To bring back his soul from the pit, to be enlightened with the light of the living.
36:14 They die (Lit. their soul dies) in youth, and their life is among the unclean.
41:21 (13) His breath kindles coals, and a flame goes out of his mouth.

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