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#2.2 GREEK WORD STUDIES
σὰρξ 'sarx' meaning 'flesh' Strong's 4561

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Introduction 2.2

This is a thorough bible study about the meaning of the Greek word σὰρξ, 'sarx' translated 'flesh' (Strong's 4561). It includes every verse where the word 'sarx' appears in the New Testament. To obtain a true understanding of this word these scriptures need to be meditated on and notes made of their meaning in different contexts. This requires putting scriptures together where they seem to have a similar meaning, and then meditating even more. The truth will be revealed by the Holy Spirit, who has been given to guide us into all truth (John 16:13). Wherever this word sarx appears in the Greek, the translation of it is highlighted with yellow. In Greek, with the exception of case endings, the suffixes and prepositions are not added to the basic word as in Hebrew, so these have not been been included in highlighted text. We have not included the definite article in the highlighted text when it has occurred either. Every blessing be to those who seek the truth of God's word.

#2.2 Scriptures for σὰρξ 'sarx' meaning 'flesh' Strong's 4561

Matthew 16:17 And Jesus answered and said to him, Blessed are you, Simon Bar Jonah: for flesh and blood has not revealed it to you, but my Father who is in heaven.
19:5 And said, For the sake of this a man shall leave father and mother, and shall be joined to his wife: and those two shall be one flesh?
19:6 Therefore they are no more two, but one flesh. What therefore God has joined together, do not let man separate.
24:22 And except those days should be shortened, there should no flesh be saved: but for the elect's sake those days shall be shortened.
26:41 Watch and pray, that you do not enter into temptation: the spirit indeed is willing, but the flesh is weak.

Mark 10:8 And they two shall be one flesh: so then they are no more two, but one flesh.
10:9 What therefore God has joined together, do not let man separate.
13:20 And except that the Lord had shortened those days, no flesh should be saved: but for the elect's sake, whom he has chosen, he has shortened the days.
14:38 Watch and pray, lest you enter into temptation. The spirit truly is ready, but the flesh is weak.

Luke 3:6 And all flesh shall see the salvation of God.
24:39 Behold my hands and my feet, that it is I myself: handle me, and see; for a spirit does not have flesh and bones, as you see me have.

John 1:13 Who were not born of blood, nor of the will of the flesh, nor of the will of man, but of God.
1:14 And the Word was made flesh, and dwelt among us, (and we saw his glory, the glory as of the only begotten of the Father,) full of grace and truth.
3:6 That which is born of the flesh is flesh; and that which is born of the Spirit is spirit.
6:51 I am the living bread which came down from heaven: if any man eat of this bread, he shall live for ever: and the bread that I will give is my flesh, which I will give for the life of the world.
6:52 The Jews therefore strove among themselves, saying, How can this man give us his flesh to eat?
6:53 Then Jesus said to them, Amen, amen, I say to you, Except you eat the flesh of the Son of man, and drink his blood, you have no life in you.
6:54 He who eats my flesh, and drinks my blood has eternal life; and I will raise him up on the last day.
6:55 For truly my flesh is meat, and truly my blood is drink.
6:56 He who eats my flesh, and drinks my blood, dwells in me, and I in him.
6:63 It is the spirit that gives life; the flesh profits nothing: the words that I speak to you, they are spirit, and they are life.
8:15 You judge according the flesh; I judge no man.
17:2 As you have given him authority over all flesh, that he should give eternal life to as many as you have given him.

Acts 2:17 And it shall come to pass in the last days, says God, I will pour out of my Spirit upon all flesh: and your sons and your daughters shall prophesy, and your young men shall see visions, and your old men shall dream dreams:
2:26 Therefore my heart rejoiced, and my tongue was glad; and also my flesh shall rest in hope:
2:30 Therefore being a prophet, and knowing that God had sworn with an oath to him, that of the fruit of his loins, according to the flesh, he would raise up Christ to sit on his throne;
2:31 He, seeing this before, spoke of the resurrection of Christ, that his soul was not left in Hades, nor did his flesh see corruption.

Romans 1:3 Concerning his Son Jesus Christ our Lord, who was made of the seed of David according to the flesh;
2:28 For he is not a Jew, who is one outwardly; neither is that circumcision, which is outward in the flesh:
3:20 Therefore by the works of the law there shall no flesh be justified in his sight: for by the law is the knowledge of sin.
4:1 What shall we say then that Abraham our father, as pertaining to the flesh, has found?
6:19 I speak after the manner of men because of the weakness of your flesh: for as you have yielded your members servants to uncleanness and to lawlessness to lawlessness; even so now yield your members servants to righteousness to holiness.
7:5 For when we were in the flesh, the passions of sins, which were by the law, worked in our members to bring forth fruit to death.
7:18 For I know that in me (that is, in my flesh,) dwells no good thing: for to will is present with me; but how to perform that which is good I do not find.
7:25 I thank God through Jesus Christ our Lord. So then with the mind I myself serve the law of God; but with the flesh the law of sin.
8:1 There is then now no condemnation to those who are in Christ Jesus, who do not walk according to the flesh, but according to the Spirit.
8:3 For the law was powerless, in that it was weak through the flesh, but God, by sending his own Son in the likeness of flesh of sin, and for sin, condemned sin in the flesh:
8:4 That the righteousness of the law might be fulfilled in us, who do not walk according to the flesh, but according to the Spirit.
8:5 For those who are according to the flesh mind the things of the flesh; but those who are according to the Spirit the things of the Spirit.
8:6 For the mind of the flesh is death; but the mind of the spirit is life and peace.
8:7 Because the mind of the flesh is enmity against God: for it is not subject to the law of God, nor is it able to be.
8:8 So then those who are in the flesh cannot please God.
8:9 But you are not in the flesh, but in the Spirit, if so be that the Spirit of God dwell in you. Now if any man does not have the Spirit of Christ, he is not his.
8:12 Therefore, brothers, we are debtors, not to the flesh, to live according to the flesh.
8:13 For if you live according to the flesh, you shall die: but if you through the Spirit do mortify the deeds of the body, you shall live.
9:3 For I could wish that myself were accursed from Christ for my brothers, my kinsmen according to the flesh:
9:5 Whose are the fathers, and of whom as concerning the flesh Christ came, who is over all, God blessed for the ages. Amen.
9:8 That is, They who are the children of the flesh, these are not the children of God: but the children of the promise are counted for the seed.
11:14 If by any means I may provoke to emulation those who are my flesh, and might save some of them.
13:14 But put you on the Lord Jesus Christ, and do not make provision for the flesh, to fulfil the lusts of it.

1 Corinthians 1:26 For you see your calling, brothers, how that not many wise men after the flesh, not many mighty, not many noble, are called:
1:29 That no flesh should glory in his presence.
5:5 To deliver such a one to Satan for the destruction of the flesh, that the spirit may be saved in the day of the Lord Jesus.
6:16 What? Do you do not know that he who is joined to a prostitute is one body? For two, he says, shall be one flesh.
7:28 But and if you marry, you have not sinned; and if a virgin marries, she has not sinned. Nevertheless such shall have trouble in the flesh: but I spare you.
10:18 Behold Israel after the flesh: are not those who eat of the sacrifices partakers of the altar?
15:39 All flesh is not the same flesh: but there is one kind of flesh of men, another flesh of beasts, another of fishes, and another of birds.
15:50 Now this I say, brothers, that flesh and blood cannot inherit the kingdom of God; nor does corruption inherit incorrupt ion.

2 Corinthians 1:17 When I therefore was thus minded, did I use lightness? Or the things that I purpose, do I purpose according to the flesh, that with me the yes for yes, and the no for no?
4:11 For we who live are always delivered to death for Jesus' sake, that the life also of Jesus might be made manifest in our mortal flesh.
5:16 Therefore from now on know we no man after the flesh: yes, though we have known Christ after the flesh, yet from now on know we him no more.
7:1 Having therefore these promises, beloved, let us cleanse ourselves from all filthiness of the flesh and spirit, perfecting holiness in the fear of God.
7:5 For, when we came into Macedonia, our flesh had no rest, but we were troubled on every side; without were fightings, within were fears.
10:2 But I entreat you, that I may not be bold when I am present with that confidence, with which I think to be bold against some, who think of us as if we walked according to the flesh.
10:3 For though we walk in the flesh, we do not war after the flesh:
11:18 Seeing that many glory after the flesh, I will glory also.
12:7 And lest I should be exalted above measure through the abundance of the revelations, there was given to me a thorn in the flesh, the messenger of Satan to buffet me, lest I should be exalted above measure.

Galatians 1:16 To reveal his Son in me, that I might preach him among the heathen; immediately I did not confer with flesh and blood:
2:16 Knowing that a man is not justified by the works of the law, but by the faith of Jesus Christ, even we have believed in Jesus Christ, that we might be justified by the faith of Christ, and not by the works of the law: for by the works of the law shall no flesh be justified.
2:20 I am crucified with Christ: nevertheless I live; yet not I, but Christ lives in me: and the life which I now live in the flesh I live by the faith of the Son of God, who loved me, and gave himself for me.
3:3 Are you so foolish? Having begun in the Spirit, are you now made perfect by the flesh?
4:13 You know how through weakness of the flesh I preached the gospel to you at the first.
4:14 And my trial which was in my flesh you did not despise, nor reject; but received me as an angel of God, even as Christ Jesus.
4:23 But he who was of the bondwoman was born after the flesh; but he of the freewoman was by promise.
4:29 But as then he who was born after the flesh persecuted him who was born after the Spirit, even so it is now.
5:13 For, brothers, you have been called to liberty; only do not use liberty for an occasion to the flesh, but by love serve one another.
5:16 This I say then, Walk in the Spirit, and you shall not fulfil the lust of the flesh.
5:17 For the flesh lusts against the Spirit, and the Spirit against the flesh: and these are contrary the one to the other: so that you cannot do the things that you would.
5:19 Now the works of the flesh are manifest, which are; Adultery, fornication, uncleanness, lasciviousness,
5:24 And those who are Christ's have crucified the flesh with the affections and lusts.
6:8 For he who sows to his flesh shall of the flesh reap corruption; but he who sows to the Spirit shall of the Spirit reap life everlasting.
6:12 As many as desire to make a fair show in the flesh, these compel you to be circumcised; only so that they may not be persecuted for the cross of Christ.
6:13 For neither they themselves who are circumcised keep the law; but desire you to be circumcised, that they may glory in your flesh.

Ephesians 2:3 Among whom also we all had our conversation in times past in the lusts of our flesh, fulfilling the desires of the flesh and of the mind; and were by nature the children of wrath, even as others.
2:11 Therefore remember, that you being in time past Gentiles in the flesh, who are called uncircumcision by that which is called the Circumcision in the flesh made by hands;
2:15 Having abolished in his flesh the enmity, even the law of commandments contained in ordinances; in order to create in himself of two one new man, so making peace;
5:29 For no man ever yet hated his own flesh; but nourishes and cherishes it, even as the Lord the church:
Eph 5:30 For we are members of his body, of his flesh, and of his bones.
5:31 For this cause shall a man leave his father and mother, and shall be joined to his wife, and they two shall be one flesh.
6:5 Servants, be obedient to those who are your lords according to the flesh, with fear and trembling, in singleness of your heart, as to Christ;
6:12 For we do not wrestle against flesh and blood, but against principalities, against authorities, against the rulers of the darkness of this age, against spiritual wickedness in heavenly places.

Philippians 1:22 But if I live in the flesh, this is the fruit of my labour: yet what I shall choose I do not know.
1:24 Nevertheless to abide in the flesh is more needful for you.
3:3 For we are the circumcision, who worship God in the spirit, and rejoice in Christ Jesus, and have no confidence in the flesh.
3:4 Though I might also have confidence in the flesh. If any other man thinks that he has of which he might trust in the flesh, I more:

Colossians 1:22 In the body of his flesh through death, to present you holy and without blame and irreproachable in his sight:
1:24 Who now rejoice in my sufferings for you, and fill up that which is behind of the afflictions of Christ in my flesh for his body's sake, which is the church:
2:1 For I would that you knew what great conflict I have for you, and for them at Laodicea, and for as many as have not seen my face in the flesh;
2:5 For though I am absent in the flesh, yet am I with you in the spirit, rejoicing and seeing your order, and the steadfastness of your faith in Christ.
2:11 In whom also you are circumcised with the circumcision made without hands, in putting off the body of the sins of the flesh by the circumcision of Christ:
2:13 And you, being dead in your sins and the uncircumcision of your flesh, he has made alive together with him, having forgiven you all trespasses;
2:18 Let no man defraud you of your reward in a voluntary humility and worshipping of angels, intruding into those things which he has not seen, vainly puffed up by his mind of flesh,
2:23 Which things have indeed a show of wisdom in will worship, and humility, and neglecting of the body; not in any honour to the satisfying of the flesh.
3:22 Servants, obey in all things your lords according to the flesh; not with eye service, as men pleasers; but in singleness of heart, fearing God:

1 Timothy 3:16 And without controversy great is the mystery of godliness: God was manifest in the flesh, justified in the Spirit, seen of angels, preached to the Gentiles, believed on in the world, received up into glory.

Philemon 1:16 No longer as a slave, but above a slave, a brother beloved, especially to me, but how much more to you, both in the flesh, and in the Lord?

Hebrews 2:14 Forasmuch then as the children are partakers of flesh and blood, he also himself likewise took part of the same; that through death he might destroy him who had the power of death, that is, the Devil;
5:7 Who in the days of his flesh, when he had offered up prayers and supplications with strong crying and tears to him who was able to save him from death, and was heard in that he feared;
9:10 Which were only in grain and drink offerings, and various washings, and fleshly ordinances, being imposed on them until the time of setting things right.
9:13 For if the blood of bulls and of goats, and the ashes of a heifer sprinkling the unclean, sanctifies to the purifying of the flesh:
10:20 By a new and living way, which he has consecrated for us, through the veil, that is to say, his flesh;
12:9 Furthermore we have had fathers of our flesh who corrected us, and we gave them reverence: shall we not much rather be in subjection to the Father of spirits, and live?

James 5:3 Your gold and silver is cankered; and the rust of them shall be a witness against you, and shall eat your flesh as it were fire. You have heaped treasure together for the last days.

1 Peter 1:24 For all flesh is as grass, and all the glory of man as the flower of grass. The grass withers, and the flower of it falls away:
3:18 For Christ also has once suffered for sins, the righteous for the unrighteous, that he might bring us to God, being put to death in the flesh, but quickened by the Spirit:
3:21 The like figure even baptism which does also now save us (not the putting away of the filth of the flesh, but the answer of a good conscience towards God,) by the resurrection of Jesus Christ:
4:1 Forasmuch then as Christ has suffered for us in the flesh, arm yourselves likewise with the same mind: for he who has suffered in the flesh has ceased from sin;
4:2 That he no longer should live the rest of his time in the flesh to the lusts of men, but to the will of God.
4:6 For, for this reason was the gospel preached also to those who are dead, that they might be judged according to men in the flesh, but live according to God in the spirit.

2 Peter 2:10 But most of all those who go after the flesh in the lust of defilement, who despise lordship. They are daring, self-pleasing, when speaking evil of glories they do not tremble.
2:18 For speaking swelling words of vanity, they entice through the lusts of the flesh without restraint, those who had indeed escaped from those who live in error.

1 John 2:16 For everything in the world, the lust of the flesh, and the lust of the eyes, and the pride of life, is not of the Father, but is of the world.
4:2 By this you know the Spirit of God: every spirit that confesses that Jesus Christ is come in the flesh is of God:
4:3 And every spirit that does not confesses that Jesus Christ is come in the flesh is not of God: and this is the spirit of antichrist, which you heard that it is coming; and even now already it is in the world.

2 John 1:7 For many deceivers have entered into the world, who do not confess Jesus Christ coming in the flesh. This is the deceiver and the antichrist.

Jude 1:7 As Sodom and Gomorrah, and those cities around them in like manner, having given themselves to fornication, and having gone after other flesh, are set before for an example, undergoing the vengeance of long-lasting fire.
1:8 But likewise also, these dreamers indeed defile the flesh, and reject Lordship, and speak evil of glories.
1:23 But others save with fear, snatching them out of the fire; hating even the garment spotted by the flesh.

Revelation 17:16 And the ten horns which you saw on the beast, these shall hate the prostitute, and shall make her desolate and naked, and shall eat her flesh, and burn her with fire.
19:18 That you may eat the flesh of kings, and the flesh of commanders, and the flesh of strong men, and the flesh of horses, and of those who sit on them, and the flesh of all freemen and slaves, and of small and great.
19:21 And the rest were killed with the sword of him who sits upon the horse, which goes out of his mouth: and all the birds were filled with their flesh.

1 Peter 2:5 You also, as living stones, are built up a flesh house, a holy priesthood, to offer up flesh sacrifices, acceptable to God by Jesus Christ.

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